- Example NodeJS Provider - ReadyAPI
Overview of Example
This is an example of a NodeJS "Product" API Provider that uses ReadyAPI, Pact, PactFlow and GitHub Actions to generate and publish Pact provider contracts.
It performs pre-deployment cross-compatability checks to ensure that it is compatible with specified consumers using the Bi-Directional contract capability of PactFlow.
See the full PactFlow Bi-Directional Workshop for which this can be substituted in as the "provider".
- Is an API written in Express JS
- Has a ReadyAPI Project (see
pf-swh-rapi-demo-readyapi-project.xml) generated from an OpenAPI specification
- Uses ReadyAPIs API testing capabilities to create test suites/cases from the OpenAPI specification
- Uses ReadyAPIs dockerised test runner, to run the ReadyAPI testing suite in headless mode.
- Uploads the OpenAPI spec and ReadyAPI results to PactFlow
What is uploaded to PactFlow is an OpenAPI specification that represents what you actually tested with ReadyAPI, to give us confidence it is compatible with a Pact consumer.
Overview of Part of Bi-Directional Contract Testing Flow
In the following diagram, you can see how the provider testing process works.
When we call "can-i-deploy" the cross-contract validation process kicks off on PactFlow, to ensure any consumer consumes a valid subset of the OAS for the provider.
The project uses a Makefile to simulate a very simple build pipeline with two stages - test and deploy.
When you run the CI pipeline (see below for doing this), the pipeline should perform the following activities (simplified):
- Run tests to check provider codebase compliance with openAPI spec
- Publishes the openAPI specification and verification results, along with a version and branch name, to PactFlow.
- Check if we are safe to deploy to Production with
can-i-deploy(ie. has the cross-contract validation has been successfully performed)
- Deploy (only from <main|master>)
- Deploy app to Production
- Record the Production deployment in the Pact Broker
Compatible with Consumers
This project is currently compatible with the following consumers(s):
See Environment variables on how to set these up
- Tools listed at: https://docs.pactflow.io/docs/workshops/ci-cd/set-up-ci/prerequisites/
- A pactflow.io account with an valid API token
- A ReadyAPI application downloaded to your machine
- A time-bound free trial license will suffice for a demo run locally on your machine
- note - currently only tested on a Mac
To be able to run some of the commands locally, you will need to export the following environment variables into your shell:
PACT_BROKER_TOKEN: a valid API token for PactFlow
PACT_BROKER_BASE_URL: a fully qualified domain name with protocol to your pact broker e.g. https://testdemo.pactflow.io
make install- install project dependencies
Run each step separately
make test_and_publish- tests the provider and publishes provider contracts to PactFlow
- This will perform the following 2 calls
- This will perform the following 2 calls
make can_i_deploy- runs can-i-deploy to check if its safe to deploy the provider
make deploy- deploys the app and records deployment
or run the whole lot in one go
make ci- run the CI process, but locally (uses Docker by default)
Installing alternate pact CLI tools.
If you don't have docker, you can use one of the ruby tools. The standalone, doesn't require that you install Ruby on your host machine.
make install-pact-ruby-cli- installs the pact ruby CLI tool
make install-pact-ruby-standalone- installs the pact standalone CLI depending on your platform
make uninstall-pact-ruby-standalone- uninstalls the pact standalone CLI
Using alternate pact CLI tools.
PACT_TOOL=docker make ci- run the CI process, using the pact Docker CLI tool
PACT_TOOL=ruby_standalone make ci- run the CI process, using the pact standalone CLI tool
PACT_TOOL=ruby_cli make ci- run the CI process, using the pact ruby CLI tool
OS/Platform specific considerations
The makefile has been configured to run on Unix/Windows and MacOS based systems, and tested against Github Actions
They can be run locally on Unix/Windows and MacOS, or on Windows via WSL2 or a shell with bash.
Related topics / posts / discussions
- Consumer Side Bi-Directional Contract Testing Guide
- Provider Side Bi-Directional Contract Testing Guide
Found an issue?
Reach out via a GitHub Issue, or reach us over in the Pact foundation Slack